Selichah, Mechilah, Kapparah, Yir’ah and Simchah

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  1. dovid says:

    Rabbi Berger, I am new to this blog. I confess I enjoy it immensely.

    Back to your write-up, where do you see busha fitting in the Selichah, Mechilah, Kapparah, Yir’ah paradigm? R’ Yochanan ben Zakai wished his talmidim (by extension everyone else) to have as much fear of the A-lmighty as of their fellow men. We put up a facade that resembles the image of how we want to be perceived, which is OK and probably commendable as long as (a) the gap between the facade and reality is not too big and (b) we make honest efforts to narrow this gap. We protect this facade and would be devastated if one got a chance to peek behind it. The power of busha is immense. The realization that someone is watching us when we are about to commit an aveirah is enough to stop us in our tracks. How is it that we don’t experience a comparable hesitation before committing an aveirah, when we fully know that Achduto malleh olam, that He is the only metziut, that He reads our minds, that He watches us, and we hammer these concepts into our head every day? The Gemarah describing R’ Yochanan ben Zakai’s brachah to his talmidim is somewhat comforting in that even Tanaim and talmidim of Tanaim appear to have struggled with the same challenges in their Divine service is we do in ours.

  2. micha says:

    I would think bushah is part of charatah is part of teshuvah, and not on the spectrum I’m describing. Here, I’m drawing a parallel between the aspects of the response we hope Hashem has to our teshuvah and yir’ah, identifying the role of teshuvah as a return to yir’ah and simchah. I don’t discuss the teshuvah process itself.

    But that’s off the cuff. What do you think?

  3. dovid says:

    While bushah and charatah tend to occur in tandem, it doesn’t seem to me that there is a cause and effect relationship between them. Bushah appears to me more like part of the onesh. If that’s true, it would have more to do with kapparah.

  4. shloime says:

    woud you have the exact place Rav Samson Raphael Hirsch and Avudraham, speak about this

    thank you


  5. micha says:

    The Avudraham is quoted by the Iyun Tefillah on our text. I do not recall where I saw R’ Hirsch, but if it helps you find it, RSRH related selichah \סלח\ to hatzlachah (success) \צלח\.

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